NESPAK established its Regional Office in Republic of Iraq's Capital, Baghdad, and a Project Office at another important Iraqi city, Mosul in 1981. Irrigation, Water Supply & Sewerage and Agriculture were the main sectors for which NESPAK rendered consultancy services in the Republic of Iraq. NESPAK's performance in the Republic of Iraq remained quite satisfactory as various Clients communicated the same to the Government of Pakistan during the bilateral meetings of the Joint Ministerial Commissions of Pakistan and Iraq. NESPAK Regional Office in Iraq was temporarily closed in June 1993 as no engineering consultancy jobs were available to the foreign companies. The 1991 Gulf War and the subsequent sanctions against Iraq had resulted into the shortage of foreign exchange reserves in the country, causing problems for the foreign consultancy firms. NESPAK completed a total of 10 projects costing over US$ 1,125 million during 12 years of its operations in the Republic of Iraq.